选词填空,请将序号A-H写在答题纸相应位置上。 A. fashion, B. B

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八年级英语上学期期末考试考试知识点


选词填空,请将序号A-H写在答题纸相应位置上。
A. fashion, B. British, C. late, D. hot, E. order, F. after, G. low, H. rich
Afternoon tea& high tea
Afternoon tea is a 【1】 food tradition of sitting down for an afternoon treat of tea, sandwiches, scones and cake.
Afternoon tea is served around 4 p.m. In the early 19th century, when dinner was served as 【2】 as 8 p.m., Anna, the Duchess of Bedford often felt really hungry around 4 p.m. between lunch and dinner. So she would 【3】 tea, bread, butter and cakes to be served in her room. Later on she would invite friends to join her at her home, and this habit soon became a 【4】 and quickly spread throughout England.
The afternoon tea was for 【5】 people in the 19th century. For workers in the newly industrialized Britain, tea time had to wait until 【6】 work.
By that hour, tea was generally served with more than just tea and cakes. Workers needed sustenance (食物维持) after a day of hard labor, so the after-work meal was more often 【7】 dishes and accompanied by a pot of good, strong tea to revive flagging (衰弱的) spirits.
The word “high” to the phrase “high tea” is believed to differentiate between the afternoon tea that is traditionally served on 【8】, comfortable, parlor chairs or relaxing in the garden and the worker’s after-work high tea that is served at the table and seated on high back dining chairs.

参考答案与解析

【答案】
【1】 B
【2】 C
【3】 E
【4】 A
【5】 H
【6】 F
【7】 D
【8】 G
【解析】
本文主要介绍英国的下午茶和傍晚茶。
【1】句意:下午茶是英国的一种饮食传统,在下午人们坐下来吃茶、三明治、烤饼和蛋糕。结合句意和所给词(British英国的)可知填British,选B。
【2】句意:19世纪初,晚餐供应就在晚上8点,贝德福德公爵夫人安娜经常在午餐和晚餐之间的下午4点左右感到非常饿。As late as…:迟于,晚到…,就在;结合句意和所给词(late)可知选C。
【3】句意:因此她将点茶、面包、黄油和蛋糕放在她的房间里。order:定制;订购,点(菜等);结合句意可知填order,选E。
【4】句意:后来,她邀请朋友们到她家里来,这种习惯很快就成了一种时尚,很快就传遍了整个英国。根据不定冠词a后面跟可数名词单数,结合句意和所给词(fashion时尚)可知答案是A。
【5】句意:下午茶是为19世纪的富人准备的。结合句意和所给词(rich富有的,有钱的)可知答案是A。
【6】句意:对于新工业化的英国工人来说,喝茶时间必须等到下班后。结合句意和所给词(after在…以后)可知答案是H。
【7】句意:工人们经过一天的艰苦劳动后需要养活,所以下班后的饭菜更常是热菜,并伴随着一壶好的、浓烈的茶来唤醒萎靡不振的精神。结合句意和所给词(hot热的)可知选D。
【8】句意:用“高”这个词来形容“傍晚茶”被认为是区别于传统上放在低、舒适的客厅椅子上或在花园里休息的下午茶,和工人下班后在桌子上和坐在高靠背餐椅上的傍晚茶。根据此句中high结合句意和所给词(low)可知选G。